How Brain Waves Influence Our Emotional State

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Our feelings and thoughts are an important part of our well-being. When we feel good, our thoughts are in order, and our feelings are in balance. In addition, there are other components that have a huge influence on our mood: brain waves and the subconscious mind.

In this article, you will learn what brain waves are, how they work and the role of our subconscious mind.  We will also explain to you what frequencies and types of brain waves exist and how you can gain access to your subconscious mind through them.

Jump ahead to any of the sections below:

What Are Brain Waves?

Our brain is the main component of our central nervous system in the body. It is connected with several billion nerve cells that communicate with each other. When two or more nerve cells interact with one another, the first nerve cell sends certain signals to the second one.

They are the communication channels of our mind. You can imagine these connections like phone lines.

Woman thoughtful brainwaves

What are brain waves? As soon as information is exchanged between the nerve cells and communication takes place, electrical impulses are released in the brain. The pattern of these brain waves gives us insight into how our brain is working.

These brain waves are easy to measure these days. Depending on the type and frequencies of each brainwave, conclusions can be drawn about the current state of mind and brain activity.

So why does it make sense to look at the different brain waves? Each brain frequency represents its own state of consciousness. Here are the 5 types of brain waves:

  • The alpha state: alpha brain waves indicate calmness and serenity
  • The beta state: beta waves stand for an excited and very active state of mind
  • The theta state: theta waves are a sign of light sleep or meditation
  • The delta state: delta waves show deep sleep. When many delta waves are measured in an awake state, we also speak of severe brain damage
  • The gamma state: the gamma state of mind stands for high concentration

Now that we’ve explained what brain waves are, let’s get to the second component, the subconscious mind.

The Subconscious Mind – the Great Mystery of Our Brain

Everything we passively experience is stored in the subconscious. That can be memories from the past, impressions on certain topics or behavioral motives.

We can’t really actively access this part of the brain. The subconscious is very hard to control. All reactions, processes, and procedures that you automatically perform in certain situations are controlled by your subconscious mind.

Our subconscious has a great influence on our conscious actions too. Especially in everyday life. The best example here is driving a car. In the beginning, you might have paid attention to every hand gesture and consciously executed every look.

Today, after some time as a driver, you take driving a car no longer as conscious. A sequence of routine steps follows until you finally reach your goal. All these steps, manipulations and automatism are stored in the subconscious mind.

Here is an exercise to strengthen the connection to your unconscious mind:

The exercise takes 3 minutes. Just sit down for a moment and concentrate fully on your breathing. Try to create a certain emptiness in your head. Calm your thoughts and try not to think of anything.

Then start looking around the room. What do you see? What can you hear? How does it smell in the room? Have you had any particular experiences here in the past? What does this room symbolize for you?

Awaken everything from your subconscious and try to consciously control and feel your perception. You’ll suddenly see things that you usually haven’t noticed.

Can We Influence Reality?

There is no absolute reality. The way of seeing certain things always varies from person to person. How we perceive certain things depends on our past, our feelings and our mindset. All these components are part of your subconscious.

Everyone will take up the same situation from a different perspective and react differently.

So what we know now: The subconscious plays an important role in our perception. If we had subconscious control, we could control our perception more consciously.

However, programming and controlling your subconscious is very difficult and requires a lot of time and practice. If you want to know how to do this, here is a video of how to access your subconscious mind:

Our state of mind varies depending on the frequency and type of brain wave. Thus, different frequencies and signal types represent different states of our brain. We can get more information about our subconscious by dealing with the 5 types of brain waves.

1) Alpha Brain Waves – Relaxation and Peace

Human brain wave frequencies are measured in Hertz. The unit Hertz stands for the number of processes (communication between the nerve cells) per second.

Alpha waves send and receive signals with a frequency of 7.5 to 14 Hertz. Compared to beta waves (14 to 40 Hertz) this is a very low frequency. So when alpha waves are present, your brain processes less information and emotions.

That is why this state also stands for relaxation and calmness.

Alpha waves are relaxed brain waves. If you are daydreaming or doing a light meditation, your brain is in the alpha state. If your brain is in this condition, it is optimally prepared for tasks that require a lot of mental ability and concentration. In particular, you will then have an expanded imagination.

Because of the expanded imagination, this state is also often called the gate to the subconscious mind.

2) Beta Brain Waves – Mindfulness

Beta brain waves stand for awareness, logic and critical conclusion. In the beta state, your brain works attentively (and intensively) and therefore sends brainwaves at a frequency between 14 and 40 hertz.

However, the beta state can be interpreted in two directions. On the one hand, beta waves are very important in order to function consciously in everyday life and to be able to accomplish tasks. On the other hand, severe brain waves on this frequency can also stand for stress, loneliness and restlessness.

The brain of an average adult runs on this frequency most of the time.

3) Theta Brain Waves – Easy Sleep and Meditation

Theta waves are also called the waves of the subconscious mind. These occur especially when you dream, sleep or meditate.

However, there are differences regarding the depth of meditation. Meditation for the theta state of mind should relax you, but still be light and superficial. At deeper meditations, our brain produces delta waves.

Learn more about meditation in our meditation article.

Theta brain waves mainly occur during REM sleep. REM is a sleep phase and stands for Rapid Eye Movement. When you’re in REM sleep, your blood pressure and pulse will increase.

Most dreams take place in this phase. However, theta waves are not sent exclusively. In addition to theta, alpha and beta waves are usually also measured, but to a very small extent.

If you could reach the theta state, you will feel a spiritual-cosmic connection. At the height of your state of consciousness, you will feel creativity, spirituality, vivid imagination and inspiration.

Theta waves transmit on a frequency between 4 and 7.5 Hertz and adjoin the alpha frequency. That is why the alpha state is also called the gate to the subconscious mind. The transition between alpha and theta is fast and smooth.

4) Delta Brain Waves – Deep Sleep

Person sleeping brain waves

Delta waves are the brain waves your body produces while sleeping. They move in the range of the slowest brain function at all. The frequency of the brain waves is between 0.5 and 4 Hertz. This condition occurs during dreamless sleep or deep meditation.

When dreaming, however, the brain and the body do not rest. Quite the opposite: both are pretty much stressed. In a dreamless sleep, however, our mind is on the frequency of the delta waves. This condition is good for our mental and physical regeneration.

In this state, your consciousness is detached and your soul is free.

Just as alpha and theta waves adjoin each other in their frequency ranges, so do the delta brain waves with the universal mind.

These brain waves are the transition between the human subconscious and the consciousness-expanding mind. In this state of mind, you will obtain information that a purely human mind cannot attain.

5) Gamma Brain Waves – Cognition and Knowledge

Light bulb off

Gamma brain waves are in the range of the fastest brain frequency at all. The exchange of information and emotional stress is particularly high here. They transmit brain waves at a frequency of over 40 hertz.

Not much is known about this condition, but it can be said that gamma brain waves are related to very high information processing. They must also be linked to the ability to concentrate and the learning process.


Your mood and reality can be influenced by brain waves. You have control over your brain and the state in which you want it to be. Through meditations, binaural beats, music or other methods, you can consciously direct your brain into the state you want.

The brain waves, in turn, influence our states of consciousness and the subconscious mind. So with enough practice and patience, you can access your subconscious through the brain waves.

Don’t stop here and subscribe to our free newsletter to learn more about mindfulness. Thanks for reading.

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